Guyana’s total annual oil revenues could hit $30 billion over the next 10 years with production estimated to reach 1.2 million barrels per day by 2030, according to Rystad Energy.
Rystad said on Tuesday that Guyana was poised for a major transformation after its first-ever oil development commenced production just six weeks ago.
Offshore oil production is expected to grow rapidly in the years to come and will generate unprecedented revenues for the Guyanese government.
Sonya Boodoo, VP of upstream research at Rystad, said: “Since the initial discovery in 2015 of the giant Liza oil field in the prolific Stabroek block, Guyana has discovered more than eight billion barrels of oil resources. Liza was brought on stream in December and many more fields will follow suit in due course.
“Guyana’s rising oil revenues will make a huge difference in the continued development of the country. At the same time, in order for Guyana to realize the full potential of these resources, a stable regulatory and fiscal environment will be a key factor.”
Rystad Energy forecasts that Guyana’s oil production could reach 1.2 million barrels per day by the end of the decade, lifting total annual oil revenues to about $28 billion, assuming an oil price of about $65 per barrel.
According to the intelligence firm, the government’s income in the country – projected to be a modest $270 million or so in 2020 – is forecast to grow rapidly and could reach nearly $10 billion annually within a decade. Putting that figure into context, Guyana’s gross domestic product currently stands at about $3.7 billion.
It is worth noting that oil and gas companies invested around $8.1 billion in exploration and development activities in Guyana’s offshore sector between 2015 and 2019.
Guyana’s fiscal regime and overall take have been heavily discussed over time, both domestically and internationally. In 2018, the International Monetary Fund published a paper advising Guyana’s government to increase government take for new licenses in order to reflect the impressive run of exploration successes in the Stabroek Block.
“The current fiscal regime for Stabroek involves a transparent profit-sharing contract with three main components: a 2 percent royalty, a profit oil level of 50 percent, and a cost recovery ceiling of 75 percent.
“The contract is reflective of the situation at the time of signing back in 1999 when multiple companies had encountered several dry exploration wells. At the time, E&P companies were seen to be taking a considerable risk by conducting deepwater exploration in the region. To make such frontier drilling attractive, Guyana offered competitive fiscal terms,” Boodoo added.
Rystad Energy has benchmarked the Stabroek fiscal regime against the fiscal regimes of other “frontier” and upcoming oil and gas producing countries, such as Brazil, the United States (deepwater Gulf of Mexico), Mozambique, Israel, Tanzania, Mauritania, Suriname, and the Falkland Islands.
To measure the impact of the fiscal regimes in these countries, Rystad Energy has run its economic model analysis on the Liza Phase 1 project and compared the results against the fiscal regimes for the peer group countries.
From there the company derived the estimated government take under each country’s fiscal regime, calculating the split of profits between the E&P companies and the government.
Government take is defined as the present value of the government take divided by the present value of the profit, where profit is revenue minus investments and operational costs.
For Guyana, the average government take is 60 percent, which in Rystad’s benchmarking overview places the country right between major producer Brazil at 63 percent and fledgling producers Mozambique and Mauritania, at 57 percent.
“We find the current fiscal regime in Guyana to be in line with other emerging oil and gas countries. As Guyana firms up its credentials as an attractive upstream destination, we expect that new awards of production sharing agreements will likely stipulate revised fiscal parameters, with the higher government take,” Boodoo concluded.
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