Nexans has provided to BP and its Shah Deniz development project, in the Caspian Sea, the first delivery in what will be, according to Nexans, the world’s largest and most complex Direct Electrical Heating (DEH) system to date.
Nexans is supplying a comprehensive subsea DEH system solution including complete system design and 130 km of cables with accessories for installation. The company says this will provide flow assurance for 10 subsea flowlines serving the Shah Deniz high-pressure gas condensate development, located in the Azerbaijan sector of the Caspian Sea.
The Shah Deniz DEH contract, worth around Euro 100 million ($123.3 million), forms part of a 10-year frame agreement between Nexans and BP, the operator of the project, to supply umbilical cables, DEH systems, accessories and services for various deep-water oil and gas projects worldwide.
“The key to Nexans’ success as a leader in DEH projects is our comprehensive systems approach that integrates the design of DEH systems, including engineering and manufacture of all the vital elements such as riser cables, piggyback cables, protection and accessories,” says Krister Granlie, Executive Vice President, Hybrid Underwater cables Division, Nexans Norway.
“We are delighted to have achieved this important milestone in the world’s most complex and largest DEH project by completing the first delivery to BP.”
The first delivery consisted of DEH cables and accessories for four flowlines. The second delivery of the six remaining subsea systems is scheduled for 2016.
Nexans says that the DEH system for the 10 Shah Deniz flowlines is more complex than previous DEH projects. This is due to the multiple systems in close proximity and the unique operating environment in the Caspian Sea.
The cables and accessories will be manufactured in the Nexans’ facility in Halden.
DEH is a technology for flow assurance, developed to safeguard the wellstream flow through the pipeline to the platform. Alternating current (AC) transmitted from the DEH cable runs through the steel in the pipe, which heats up due to its own electrical resistance. This allows the pipeline to be operated in a cost efficient and environmentally safe manner, Nexans explains.
By controlling the current, the pipeline inner wall can at all times be maintained above the critical temperature for hydrate formation. Nexans says that as a result, problem free and reliable transportation is achieved.